9 Early Signs And Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic condition that develops when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when insulin fails to work properly, which is referred to as insulin resistance. Insulin is the hormone that stimulates cells to uptake glucose from the blood to use for energy.
When this is the case, cells are not instructed by insulin to take up glucose from the blood, meaning the blood sugar level rises.
The onset of type 2 diabetes can be gradual, and symptoms can be mild during the early stages. As a result, many people may not realize that they have this condition.
In this article, let us shed light on some of early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
1. Excess Urination
There is no harm in peeing a few times a day but one of the earliest symptoms of type 2 diabetes is frequent urination.
This is because of our high blood sugar levels. Kidneys can only keep up to some level of glucose in your body. Once the glucose level increases, it will try to filter out the excess sugar from your blood through urine. Frequent urination is one of the first signs of diabetes.
2. Excess Thirst
Apart from frequent urination, excessive thirst is one of the early symptoms of diabetes. Urinating too often means your body is losing water and might even get dehydrated. Since your body is making up for the lost water, you get thirsty too often.
3. Excess Hunger
People with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food they eat.
The digestive system breaks food down into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose moves from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
As a result, people with type 2 diabetes often feel constantly hungry, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
4. Excessive Tiredness
Since your cells cannot absorb glucose, so without energy, you will eventually begin feeling tired. Type 2 diabetes patients often complain of being weak and tired.
Excessive urination and loss of water can lead to dehydration, making you feel more tired than ever. Hence, these symptoms are interlinked and must be taken seriously in the initial stages.
5. Blurry Vision
In the initial stages of type 2 diabetes, high blood sugar level will cause fluid to seep into your eye. This fluid affects tiny blood vessels in the eyes and it may or may not affect both the eyes.
This is a symptom you don’t want to avoid, as it can cause severe damage to your eyes.
6. Numbness & Pain in Hands or Feet
Type 2 diabetes affects blood circulation, leading to nerve damage, a condition called Diabetic Neuropathy.
It causes occasional slight tingling or numbness in your fingers or feet. This is one of the earliest signs your body gives when your blood sugar level spikes.
7. Dark Skin Patches
Excessive insulin in your blood also leads to dark folds on your skin. This condition is known as Acanthosis Nigricans.
These dark patches develop near the armpits, neck, and groin region. This can be considered as one of the most physically visible type 2 diabetes symptoms.
8. Wounds Take Longer to Heal
High blood sugar damages your body nerves, along with the blood vessels. This affects your blood circulation as well. If you hurt yourself, the necessary nutrients and oxygen take time to reach small cuts and wounds. Hence your wounds will take longer than usual to heal.
However, be careful as these cuts can also lead to infections.
9. Itching & Yeast Infections
Excessive sugar in your blood also causes yeast infections. Yeast finds home in the moist areas of your skin such as your mouth, genital areas, and armpits. It begins with a feeling of itchiness and develops into a burning sensation and redness.
The early signs and symptoms of diabetes are not always noticeable. Also, many people are asymptomatic, and can remain undiagnosed for a long time.